Thursday, September 25, 2008

How credible census figures are?

Sex ration in 2001 census: 892
Sex ratio in State’s 2006 survey: 925
Naseer A Ganai 
Srinagar, Oct 10, 2007: The State government’s survey on sex-ratio is negating Census figures of 2001 which had presented a grim scenario of sex ratio in the State forcing some National NGOs to raise the issue at different forums.
The 2001 Census had recorded the population of Jammu and Kashmir 101.43 lakhs with over all sex ratio 892 while as the figure was 933 at all India level. The sex-ratio figures of census department were used by the various NGOs to castigate the State government and it was asked to take concrete steps to improve the ratio by stopping female feticide. But the state government had no faith in the figures. So last year it carried out a survey to see veracity of the figures involving the Medical and Health Education Department and Planning and Development Department. 
The State government instead of saying that it has no faith in census figures, said: “It is an open secret that the Census 2001 was conducted under trying conditions with various limitations as the field conditions were not favorable to the desired level. It was therefore, felt that the precision of census 2001 on sex ratio be further improved so that it could be used with more confidence and increased scope.”  
In 2006 the survey on the sex ratio was conducted in all 14 districts of the State covering 6.72 lakh and door to door survey was conducted in 550 samples villages spread over 40 CD blocks and 31 urban wards of the State.  
Sources said that the sex-ratio figure was later worked out as 925 which was described by the State government as “more realistic and definitely shows improvement as compared to Census 2001.” The highest sex ratio was found in Ladakh region as 944, followed by Kashmir division as 939 and Jammu division as 901. 
Region Rural Urban Combined
Ladakh 940 974 944
Kashmir 938 945 939
Jammu 901 896 901
 Rural-Urban Sex Ratio region-wise in 2006 survey 

The survey shows that the highest sex ratio 961 is in district Pulwama and lowest is in district Jammu i.e 878. Jammu, Udampur and Rajouri have lowest sex ratio with 878, 894, 894 respectively. In highest number of villages were covered in district Kathua, 67 followed by it in Pulwama 62 and 25 in Leh.

The female population in 77 sample villages and one urban ward was found higher as compared to the male population and in four samples villages Zuabagh (Budgam) Mancon (Udhampur) Gangith (Kathua) and Kapakha (Rajouri). The sex ratio in the age group of 0-4 years has shown improvement as over all ratio in this age group is observed 932 as against 925 in the overall ratio at the State level.
Sources said that during the survey it was found that the population of some villages, which the census department had shown higher, was interestingly found far less. And in some villages where the population was shown less was found higher. “The difference in the survey and the census figures of 2001 was shocking,” sources said.  
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